helpful information…know your meds, folks
This is the 3rd in a series of primers on how psychiatric meds work. The previous posts were on antidepressants and antipsychotics. These are based on my professional knowledge as a mental health nurse and former pharmacist as well as my own experiencing taking these medications (although with a diagnosis of major depressive disorder I’ve never taken any of the anticonvulsant mood stabilizers).
Mood stabilizers work in a number of different ways to control signalling between nerve cells. They are used to treat and prevent both mania and depression, although some drugs are more effective for one than the other. They fall into 3 broad categories: lithium, anticonvulsants, and atypical antipsychotics.
Lithium has been around for many years. It works via a number of different mechanisms, including regulating genetic expression of various neuron-related factors, and boosting activity of the calming neurotransmitter GABA. GABA counterbalances the excitatory neurotransmitter
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